Food additives

 Mannitol (food additive E421) is a hexatomic alcohol belonging to the group of sugars and found in many plants. In appearance, it is a light yellow substance, well soluble in hot water. Chemical formula: C6H14O6 When ingested increases the osmotic pressure of plasma and reduces the reabsorption of water, which is characterized by the release of a large amount of water, that is, the substance has a pronounced dehydrating effect. Mannitol should not be used in violation of the excretory function of the kidneys or severe circulatory insufficiency. The use of large amounts of this substance can cause signs of dehydration of the body. Mannitol is widely used in medical practice as intravenous injections during operations and some type of treatment, as well as to reduce intracranial pressure. In the food industry, it is used as a sweetener and a substance that prevents clumping. It is used in the manufacture of chewing gum. Other applications of mannitol: - used for the production of resins, drying oils, lacquers and other surfactants; - used in the manufacture of explosives; - used in perfumery.